The World Health Organization (WHO) states that mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. There is no health without mental health. Mental health is the fundamental of keeping personal health as well as maintaining function of the society.
Mental well-being can take many different forms, but a common description is feeling good and functioning well. Mental health is an integral part of the whole person. A healthy mind helps us face challenges, solve problems, achieve goals and enjoy life more. A person with a healthy mind is also less vulnerable to certain health problems and has a longer lifespan.
Everyone should look after his/her mental health. A local survey conducted in 2018 found that more than 40% of the respondents aged between 12 and 75 in Hong Kong rated their mental health status as fair or poor/very poor in the past six months. Over 90% of the respondents experienced some degrees of psychological distress symptoms in the past one month, and about 6% had severe psychological distress.
According to the Hong Kong Mental Morbidity Survey 2010-2013, the prevalence of common mental disorders among Chinese adults aged between 16 and 75 was 13.3%. The most common disorders were mixed anxiety and depressive disorder (6.9%), followed by generalised anxiety disorder (4.2%), depressive episode (2.9%), and other anxiety disorders including panic disorders, all phobias and obsessive compulsive disorder (1.5%).
It is very common for most of us to face mental health challenges at some point in our life, such as examination, change of job and retirement, so no one can disregard it. This page provides information on mental health and resources for seeking help.