Many infectious diseases can be transmitted through direct contact. If hands are contaminated with pathogens, especially when they are soiled with respiratory discharge or faecal matters, diseases include hepatitis, influenza, and hand, foot and mouth disease can be spread easily. Observance of hand hygiene is the prerequisite of the prevention of the spread of communicable diseases. Using soap and water or rub hands with alcohol-based handrub can achieve hand hygiene.
When do we perform Hand Hygiene?
1. Before touching the eyes, nose and mouth;
2. Before eating or handling food;
3. After using the toilet;
4. When hands are contaminated by respiratory secretions, e.g. after coughing or sneezing;
5. After touching public installations or equipment, such as escalator handrails, elevator control panels or door knobs;
6. After handling vomitus or faecal matter, e.g. after changing diaper;
7. Before and after visiting hospitals, residential care homes or caring for the sick;
8. After making contact with animals, poultry or their droppings.
Proper hand hygiene technique should follow the 7 steps and rub hands for at least 20 seconds.